1% of cancers arising from the female reproductive system is a cancer of the vagina (vaginal cancer). Cancer of the vagina (vaginal cancer) are found in women aged 45 to 65 on average. It originates from the stratified epithelial cells covering the surface of the vagina and most of them are squamous type cancers. Human papilloma virus infection of the sexually transmitted diseases is thought to cause vaginal cancer.
Cancer developing in the vaginal mucosa is sensitive to trauma. With this characteristic, it causes bleeding especially during and after intercourse. In addition , due to its proximity to the urinary bladder and large intestine, it may cause complaints related to these organs. Urination problems, complaints of burning, bleeding and pain while urinating, pain and bleeding during defecation may occur.
Hemorrhagic erosion or tumor area are observed on wall of the vagina during gynecologic examination. It is diagnosed with examination of the biopsy from this region. In addition, cervical cancer screening with Pap tests are also useful in the early detection of vaginal cancer.
It constitutes 1 to 2% of the female genital cancers. Generally its causal and biological characteristics are similar to cervical cancers. Since vagina, is a tubular body with vulva at one end and with cervix at the other end, a number of technical difficulties may arise in treatment and diagnosis. 76% of patients are older than 50 years.