Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can involve all tissues and organs (granuloma is described as clustering of immune system cells to form microscopic structures). The cause of sarcoidosis remains unclear. The disease may occur in all tissues and organs but commonly involved parts are the lungs and lymph glands in the breast. It may present in more than one organ at the same time.

The cause of the disease remains unknown. However, it is believed that it results from immune system responding to a long-term foreign substance and this how the disease is initiated. It is suggested that infection agents such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites, or other agents such as beryllium, zirconium, and pollens of pine tree may activate the process. Facilities of modern medicine are used for diagnosis and treatment of sarcoidosis at our center.

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