Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix. It is usually called acute appendicitis in medicine. Emergency surgery is necessary in the treatment. Other treatment options are not recommended. If not operated, it can swell and burst. If it is perforated, the bacteria will spread into the abdomen, which may lead to consequences such as abscess formation, and its treatment may require major operations and a long-term treatment. It is usually caused by the obstruction of the appendix lumen. This obstruction is generally due to fecalith. The reason is sometimes undigested food residues, pips and foreign bodies.
PAY ATTENTION TO ABDOMINAL PAIN...
The first complaint is usually abdominal pain. This pain begins around the navel and slightly on the upper abdomen and its location can not be shown clearly. The pain then migrates to the right lower abdominal region and in this case the patient may now pinpoint the location of the pain. The pain may also be accompanied by loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, fever, urinary incontinence and diarrhea. Patients generally have a trouble-free period of pain. They do not want to move too much since the pain increases by movement.
HOW IS APPENDICITIS DIAGNOSED?
Appendicitis is usually diagnosed on the basis of physical examination. In addition to the physical examination, abdominal ultrasonography, computerized tomography, blood and urine tests may be required to support the diagnosis. It is treated by surgery, the base of the inflamed organ is closed with stitches and cut away.
WHAT ARE THE OPERATION METHODS?
The surgeries can be performed through either an open or closed approach. It's the same thing carried out in both operation techniques. Significant advantages of closed surgery have appeared over open technique. Wound infection, which is frequently experienced and sometimes troublesome in open surgeries, is very rare. Incisional hernias develop after surgery occur very rarely. The patient is usually discharged on the following day and returns to normal life and work more quickly.
IS PATHOLOGICAL EXAMINATION REQUIRED?
The appendiceal section that is cut away should definitely be sent for pathological examination. The cause of appendicitis can sometimes be a tumor, and if we do not do a pathological examination, the diagnosis will be missed and therefore the disease will be undertreated.